British Columbia Canada 2023 | Weather, Cities, University and Language

What do you know about British Columbia Canada? You must have heard about them before but I am going to provide you with more information in this article. Make sure that you read to the end if you would not want to miss out.

British Columbia is the westernmost of the 10 provinces of Canada. It is located between the Pacific Ocean and the Rocky Mountains.

The physical geography is diverse, with undulating landscapes which are characterized by rocky coastlines, sandy beaches, forests, lakes, mountains, inland deserts and grassy plains. See Jobs in Canada for Foreigners with Visa Sponsorship.

It borders the province of Alberta to the east, the territories of Yukon and the Northwest Territories to the north, and the US states of Washington, Idaho, and Montana to the south and Alaska to the northwest.

With an estimated population of 5.3 million as of 2022, it is Canada’s third-most populous province. The capital of British Columbia is Victoria and its largest city is Vancouver.

Vancouver and its suburbs together make up the third-largest metropolitan area in Canada; the 2021 census recorded 2.6 million people in Metro Vancouver.

British Columbia is a diverse and cosmopolitan province, drawing on a plethora of cultural influences from its British Canadian, European, and Asian diasporas, as well as the Indigenous population.

Though the province’s ethnic majority originates from the British Isles, many British Columbians also trace their ancestors to continental Europe, East Asia, and South Asia. Indigenous Canadians constitute about 6 percent of the province’s total population.

Christianity is the largest religion in the region, though the majority of the population is non-religious.

 English is the common language of the province, although Punjabi, Mandarin Chinese, and Cantonese also have a large presence in the Metro Vancouver region.

The Franco-Columbian community is an officially recognized linguistic minority, and around one percent of British Columbians claim French as their mother tongue. British Columbia is home to at least 34 distinct Indigenous languages.

Major sectors of British Columbia’s economy include forestry, mining, filmmaking and video production, tourism, real estate, construction, wholesale, and retail.

Its main exports include lumber and timber, pulp and paper products, copper, coal, and natural gas. British Columbia exhibits high property values and is a significant centre for maritime trade: the Port of Vancouver is the largest port in Canada and the most diversified port in North America. 

Although less than 5 percent of the province’s territory is arable land, significant agriculture exists in the Fraser Valley and Okanagan due to the warmer climate. British Columbia is home to 45% of all publicly listed companies in Canada.

The Climate of British Columbia

Because of the Kuroshio, or Japan Current, which warms the coast, and the adjoining mountain ranges, British Columbia experiences a variety of climates.

Some climatologists have claimed that, in its temperature, humidity, and variability, the southwestern corner of the province, tempered by the current, has one of the most favourable climates for people, plants, and animals.

The prevailing winds from the Pacific, flowing over succeeding mountain ranges, cause a wide variety of precipitation and temperature ranges across the province, but along the coast such variation is negligible.

Summers are comfortably cool, while winters are not severe; temperatures seldom drop to 0 °F (−18 °C). In the Okanagan and Cariboo regions to the east, wider variations are recorded; summers are hot and winters are colder.

Still farther east, up against the Rockies, similar temperature ranges prevail but with considerably heavier snowfalls. In the northern interior and Peace River country, severely cold winters and hot summers are normal.

British Columbia receives considerable precipitation, but its distribution is far from ideal. Some coastal towns have average annual rainfalls of 160 inches (4,100 mm) or more (among the wettest regions on the continent), while Merritt, only 125 miles (200 km) from the coast, registers only 12.5 inches (320 mm).

Victoria, sheltered by the Vancouver Island mountains, receives less than 35 inches (885 mm), but Vancouver, 72 miles (116 km) across the Strait of Georgia, receives 47 inches (1,200 mm), delivered by the winds crossing that body of water.


A summary of everything that you need to know about the British Columbia is as presented in the table below:

ConfederationJuly 20, 1871 (7th)
Largest cityVancouver
Largest metroGreater Vancouver
 • TypeParliamentary  constitutional monarchy
 • Lieutenant governorJanet Austin
 • PremierDavid Eby
LegislatureLegislative Assembly of British Columbia
Federal representationParliament of Canada
House seats42 of 338 (12.4%)
Senate seats6 of 105 (5.7%)
 • Total944,735 km2 (364,764 sq mi)
 • Land925,186 km2 (357,216 sq mi)
 • Water19,548.9 km2 (7,547.9 sq mi)  2.1%
 • Rank5th
9.5% of Canada
Population  (2021)
 • Total5,000,879
 • Estimate  (Q1 2023)5,399,118
 • Rank3rd
 • Density5.41/km2 (14.0/sq mi)
DemonymBritish Columbian
Official languagesEnglish (de facto)
 • Rank4th
 • Total (2015)CA$249.981 billion
 • Per capitaCA$53,267 (8th)
 • HDI (2021)0.944 — Very high (2nd)
Time zones
Most of provinceUTC−08:00 (Pacific)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−07:00 (Pacific DST)
SoutheasternUTC−07:00 (Mountain)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−06:00 (Mountain DST)
EasternUTC−07:00 (Mountain [no DST])
Canadian postal abbr.BC
Postal code prefixV
ISO 3166 codeCA-BC
FlowerPacific dogwood
TreeWestern red cedar
BirdSteller’s jay
Rankings include all provinces and territories

I believe you now have all the information you have been looking for about British Columbia Canada. If you have any other questions about this topic, kindly make use of the comment section below.

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