Newfoundland Canada | Weather, Island, Immigration, Labrador

Take a tour round the Newfoundland Canada. If there is any information that you have been looking for about the city, check this article to see everything.

Newfoundland is the most easterly province in Canada. It is located in the northeastern region of North America. 

The Strait of Belle Isle separates the province into two geographical parts: Labrador, connected to mainland Canada, and Newfoundland, an island in the Atlantic Ocean. The province also includes over 7,000 tiny islands.

The shape of the Newfoundland could be likened to that of a triangle with almost all the sides side 400 km (250 mi) long, and the total area 108,860 km2 .

Newfoundland and its neighbouring small islands have an area of 111,390 km2. Newfoundland extends between latitudes 46°36′N and 51°38′N.

Labrador is also roughly triangular in shape: the western part of its border with Quebec is the drainage divide of the Labrador Peninsula. See Visa Sponsorship Jobs in Canada.

Lands drained by rivers that flow into the Atlantic Ocean are part of Labrador, and the rest belongs to Quebec.

Most of Labrador’s southern boundary with Quebec follows the 52nd parallel of latitude. Labrador’s extreme northern tip, at 60°22′N, shares a short border with Nunavut on Killiniq Island.

Labrador also has a maritime border with Greenland. Labrador’s land area (including associated small islands) is 294,330 km2 (113,640 sq mi). 

Together, Newfoundland and Labrador make up 4.06% of Canada’s area, with a total area of 405,720 km2 (156,650 sq mi).

Climatic Condition of Newfoundland Canada

The climatic condition of the Newfoundland is that of a cool summer subtype, with a humid continental climate.

This kind of climate could be traceable to the nearness of the named region to aquatic environment as virtually almost all part of the island is just a stone throw to the Atlantic Ocean. 

Conversely, the Northern Labrador is characterized by a polar tundra climate, and Southern Labrador a subarctic climate. 

Newfoundland and Labrador contain a range of climates and weather patterns, including frequent combinations of high winds, snow, rain, and fog, conditions that regularly made travel by road, air, or ferry challenging or impossible.

To elaborate more on the climatic conditions of Newfoundland and Labrador, I will be using the table below to show you the temperature distribution of key selected areas.

Average daily maximum and minimum temperatures for selected locations in Newfoundland and Labrador
LocationJuly (°C)July (°F)January (°C)January (°F)
St. John’s20/1168/52−1/−930/16
Grand Falls-Windsor23/1173/52−2/–1227/9
Corner Brook22/1371/55−3/−1028/15
Fogo Island19/1066/50−3/–926/16
Labrador City19/866/47−16/–272/–18
Happy Valley-Goose Bay21/1069/50−12/−229/−8

Demographic Features of Newfoundland Labrador

According to Statistic Canada, Newfoundland and Labrador was found to be 521,758 in their population. A greater number these populace are resident on the Avalon Peninsula of Newfoundland, site of the capital and historical early settlement. 

Since 2006, the population of the province has started to increase for the first time since the early 1990s. In the 2006 census the population of the province decreased by 1.5% compared to 2001, and stood at 505,469. But, by the 2011 census, the population had risen by 1.8%.

Seeing from the onset of 2021, Newfoundland and Labrador started accepting applications for a Priority Skills immigration program. 

Most attention was given to the highly educated, highly skilled newcomers with specialized experience in areas where demand has grown pass local training and recruitment, such as technology and ocean sciences occupations, the government hopes the program will attract 2,500 new permanent residents annually.

St. John’s100,646106,172108,860110,525
Conception Bay South21,96624,84826,19927,168
Mount Pearl24,67124,28422,95722,477
Corner Brook20,08319,88619,80619,333
Grand Falls-Windsor13,55813,72514,17113,853
Portugal Cove-St. Philip’s6,5757,3668,1478,415
Happy Valley-Goose Bay7,5197,5728,1098,040
Table source: Statistics Canada

Language Distribution in Newfoundland and Labrador

The major and most highly recognised language in Newfoundland and Labrador is English language. Though they many other minor local languages that are obtainable in the region, English language remains the officially adopted language in the country.

Newfoundland English is a term referring to any of several accents and dialects of the English language found in the province of Newfoundland and Labrador.

Most of these differ substantially from the English commonly spoken elsewhere in neighbouring Canada and the North Atlantic.

Many Newfoundland dialects are similar to the dialects of the West Country in England, particularly the city of Bristol and counties of Cornwall, Devon, Dorset, Hampshire and Somerset, while other Newfoundland dialects resemble those of Ireland’s southeastern counties, particularly Waterford, Wexford, Kilkenny and Cork.

Still, others blend elements of both, and there is also a discernible influence of Scottish English. While the Scots came in smaller numbers than the English and Irish, they had a large influence on Newfoundland society. See Jobs in New Brunswick in Canada.

A summary of the language distribution of Newfoundland and Labrador is as shown in the table below.

Languages of the population – mother tongue (2011)

10.Dutch300< 0.1
11.Russian225< 0.1
12.Italian195< 0.1

In conclusion, they are other vital information you need to know about Newfoundland and Labrador. Those are what I am going to summarize in a tabular form below.

ConfederationMarch 31, 1949 (12th)
(and largest city)
St. John’s
Largest metroGreater St. John’s
 • TypeParliamentary  constitutional monarchy
 • Lieutenant governorJudy Foote
 • PremierAndrew Furey
LegislatureNewfoundland and Labrador House of Assembly
Federal representationParliament of Canada
House seats7 of 338 (2.1%)
Senate seats6 of 105 (5.7%)
 • Total405,720 km2 (156,650 sq mi)
 • Land373,872 km2 (144,353 sq mi)
 • Water31,340 km2 (12,100 sq mi)  7.7%
 • Rank10th
4.1% of Canada
Population  (2021)
 • Total510,550
 • Estimate  (Q1 2023)531,948
 • Rank9th
 • Density1.37/km2 (3.5/sq mi)
Official languagesEnglish (de facto)
 • Rank8th
 • Total (2011)C$33.624 billion
 • Per capitaC$65,556 (5th)
 • HDI (2019)0.894 — Very high (13th)
Time zones
NewfoundlandUTC-03:30 (Newfoundland Time Zone)
Labrador (Black Tickle and North)UTC-04:00 (Atlantic Time Zone)
Canadian postal abbr.NL (formerly NF)
Postal code prefixA
ISO 3166 codeCA-NL
FlowerPitcher plant
TreeBlack spruce
BirdAtlantic puffin
Rankings include all provinces and territories

I hope that you have seen all that you have been searching for about the Newfoundland in Canada. If you have read this article to the end and you still have any other questions, kindly use the comment section below this article.

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