Ottawa In Canada | Career Opportunities, Economy, Largest Employers and Population

Follow this article carefully to the end as I take around Ottawa in Canada. Ottawa is the capital city of Canada and it is located in the southern portion of the province of Ontario, at the confluence of the Ottawa River and the Rideau River.

Ottawa borders Gatineau, Quebec, and forms the core of the Ottawa–Gatineau census metropolitan area (CMA) and the National Capital Region (NCR).

As of 2021, Ottawa had a city population of 1,017,449 and a metropolitan population of 1,488,307, making it the fourth-largest city and fourth-largest metropolitan area in Canada. See Canada Capital.

Ottawa is the political centre of Canada and the headquarters to the federal government. The city houses numerous foreign embassies, key buildings, organizations, and institutions of Canada’s government, including the Parliament of Canada, the Supreme Court, the residence of Canada’s viceroy, and Office of the Prime Minister.

Ottawa Economy and Employment

Ottawa is a prosperous city with a relatively stable economy. But like other cities, its economy is subject to significant demographic, social and technological shifts.

Talent, investment capital and other economic resources have also become increasingly mobile, leading to increased competition to secure the conditions traditionally seen as necessary for a thriving economy.

And in the face of these pressures, support for local and regional versus export-oriented economic activity is often overlooked. See Ontario Canada.

While the federal and provincial governments hold some key levers to influence our economy, municipal investment decisions and policies and programs are also significant.

Ottawa has a high median household income. This reflects the presence of the federal government as a major employer and relatively high levels of educational attainment. Ottawa has the fourth highest cost of living among the nine cities, up from sixth in the past two years.

The main industries in Ottawa are Aerospace, Defence and Security. As a G7 capital city and headquarters for most federal government departments, Ottawa is the national hub for Canada’s Aerospace, Defence and Security (ADS) sector. See Part-time Jobs in Canada

Ottawa’s Main Employment Sectors

The major employment sector in Ottawa is the following:

  1. Federal Government. As the nation’s capital, it isn’t a surprise that the largest employer in Ottawa is the federal government.
  2. High-Tech. There are hundreds of tech companies in the Ottawa area, employing thousands of people.
  3. Health Care.
  4. Education.


The table below summarizes every other information that you want to find out about Ottawa, Canada.

Country Canada
Established1826 as Bytown
Incorporated1855 as City of Ottawa
Amalgamated1 January 2001
 • TypeSingle-tier municipality with a Mayor–council system
 • MayorMark Sutcliffe
 • City councilOttawa City Council
 • Federal
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 • Provincial
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 • Federal capital city2,790.31 km2 (1,077.34 sq mi)
 • Land2,778.10 km2 (1,072.63 sq mi)
 • Urban520.82 km2 (201.09 sq mi)
 • Metro6,767.41 km2 (2,612.91 sq mi)
Elevation70 m (230 ft)
Population  (2021)
 • Federal capital city1,017,449 (4th)
 • Density365/km2 (950/sq mi)
 • Urban1,068,821 
 • Urban density1,954/km2 (5,060/sq mi)
 • Metro1,488,307 (4th)
 • Metro density185/km2 (480/sq mi)
 • DemonymOttawan
Time zoneUTC−05:00 (EST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−04:00 (EDT)
Postal code spanK0A-K4C
Area codes613, 343, 753
GDP (Ottawa–Gatineau CMA)CA$76.6 billion (2016)
GDP per capita (Ottawa–Gatineau CMA)CA$57,849 (2016)

I hope you have found this article useful. If you have any other inquiries about Ottawa in Canada, kindly make use of the comment section below.

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